She had a human head but the body of snake. Or a fish. In Chinese mythology, Nu Gua (in one story Nu and Gua were considered the first human beings on earth) was the patroness of matchmakers, meaning she established the norms for marriage and developed the rules of conduct between the sexes. But she did much more than that. Pillars of heaven need refurbishing? Nu Gua fixed them. Corners of the earth broken? Nu Gua brought her tool kit of a tortoise and melted-down stones. She even built a palace made with material prepared by mountain spirits.
Syria Crackdown Escalates: Assad Dispatches Tanks, Snipers to Dara’a
A video grab shows a Syrian army tank in Dara’a, Syria, on April 25, 2011
If human rights workers and journalists are ever allowed into the besieged southern Syrian city of Dara’a near the Jordanian border, what horrors will they find? Syrians always had good reason to avoid rebelling against their authoritarian regime, ignoring early calls to join the Arab Spring. The stakes — as the world can now see through the spotty news from social media and smuggled amateur video — were always going to be extremely high.
On Monday, the government crackdown against the five-week long uprising escalated sharply with the military storming into Dara’a, the birthplace of the revolution, rolling in with tanks and cutting off electricity and telephone services to the city. Tanks moved into the town after dawn prayers, coming in from four directions, rights activists and witnesses said. Some 25 people were killed, the activists say, a toll expected to rise. On Thursday, President Bashar al-Assad rescinded the country’s 48-year emergency law, but just a day later, more than 120 people were killed in protests across the country. There has been a steady uptick in violence ever since. Still, the deep military push into Dara’a is the most aggressive in a series of hostile actions by Assad’s regime against essentially unarmed protesters calling for greater civil liberties. (See photos of the recent bloody battle in Syria.)
“It’s clear there’s now a strategy to crush any form of dissent using overwhelming force,” Nadim Houry, Human Rights Watch’s senior researcher for Syria and Lebanon, told TIME. “There’s been a decision that they will tolerate no more dissent and that this has to end… They are still operating as if they’re under the emergency law, picking up people without arrest warrants, nothing has changed. if anything it’s gotten worse.”
A resident of Dara’a contacted by the France 24 Arabic satellite channel speculated that the escalation may have been in response to a protest in Dara’a on Sunday. “The people were chanting ‘there is no going back, there is no going back’ and ‘the people demand the fall of the regime’,” said the resident, who was not named. “They are shooting at us. I saw snipers on the rooftops. They’re shooting at the houses, listen! listen!” he said, pausing for a moment while the sound of heavy gunfire was clearly heard over the phone. “Where are the Muslims? where are the people? We are Dara’a, not Israel!” he screamed. The channel’s anchor said in later broadcasts that the station was unable to contact the witness again because phone lines were cut.
Ayman al-Aswad, a resident of Dara’a who contacted al-Jazeera using a Jordanian SIM card, said bodies were strewn in the streets. “We’re not hearing any ambulances,” he said. “There’s a lot of black smoke rising across the city. Nobody is able to leave their homes, there’s heavy gunfire.” Repeated attempts by TIME to obtain first-hand accounts from Aswad, as well as more than half a dozen other residents in the city who have Syrian, Jordanian, and even Saudi telephone numbers, failed. The calls would not go through. (Can Assad reform the government without causing his own downfall?)
Rights activists told TIME that movement in and out of the city was heavily restricted from late last night, with soldiers at checkpoints searching vehicles, scouring mobile phones for video or images, and checking IDs. The stranglehold was tightened on Monday, with the closure of the nearby Jordanian border, a move the Jordanian government said was at the request of the Syrian authorities. “There is talk that there are armed elements trying to enter Dara’a from Jordan, so the decision was made to return stability to Dara’a,” Taleb Ibrahim, a Syrian pro-government political analyst told al-Jazeera. “We don’t want Salafists or other extremists to enter Syria. There are ongoing military operations in the area, so they have closed the border for now, it’s for logistical reasons.”
Ibrahim denied that the military was moving against its own people, and said nine soldiers were killed in the city on Monday. “There were offensives against army positions in the area, the people of Dara’a asked the army to step up and fulfill its responsibility, so that’s what it’s doing,” he said. Rights activists confirmed the deaths of the nine soldiers, as well as five officers, but claimed that they were killed for failing to follow orders to shoot civilians.
It’s hard to separate truth from spin, but images — although they cannot be independently verified — may paint a picture of events. In one video purportedly filmed in Dara’a, a group of unarmed young men defiantly stand their ground as a tank approaches. One man, dressed in a striped sweater and baseball cap, throws a rock which meets its metal target with a clink. “You traitors!” a voice off-camera screams, apparently at the soldiers. “You traitors!” In another video, soldiers get into position near a tank, as others crouch behind a low, naked cinderblock wall and take aim as intense gunfire crackles. And in yet another also reportedly from Dara’a, streams of heavily armed soldiers in flak jackets cross a grassy field, behind several tanks. The soldiers then sink into the position, lying low in the field as they aim their weapons while dozens of unarmed civilians watch nearby. (See why Assad’s own supporters are turning against him.)
Dara’a was not the only Syrian city to feel Assad’s wrath on Monday. Activists said security forces also entered Douma and Maadamiah, both on the outskirts of the capital Damascus, and continued to round-up suspected anti-government protesters. Hundreds of people were nabbed on Sunday, according to rights activist Wissam Tarif. In Jabla, a coastal town, at least 12 people were killed overnight by security forces, and dozens arrested. The U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay has called on Syria to “stop killing its own people.” Authorities should “immediately halt the use of violence and then conduct a full and independent investigation into the killings, including the alleged killing of military and security officers, and to bring the perpetrators to justice,” Pillay said in a statement issued Monday.
But the Syrian government appears in no mood to listen. The official SANA news agency did not even carry news of events in Dara’a until late in the evening on Monday. It said that Syria’s armed forces entered the city “in response to calls for help from the citizens of Dara’a.” The news agency said the army and security forces were “chasing” extremists groups. It added: “The confrontations caused the martyrdom of several martyrs.”
Earlier on Monday, 102 activists and intellectuals from across Syria’s sectarian spectrum denounced the crackdown and called for a dialogue with the government. The group issued a statement urging Syrians “who have not broken the barrier of fear to make a clear stand.” But these are dangerous days for Syrians who speak against their regime. They can simply look at Dara’a. It took a stand, and now it is paying the price.